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The Taj Mahal was offered for sale for the value of its marble by Lord William Bentinck Governor General of the British East India Company in  1831 and  Seth Lakhmichand of Mathura offered rupees two lakhs to purchase it.

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Babur (1526-30 A.D.), the founder of the Mughal dynasty in India, also made a modest beginning of the architectural style which was later developed, on a massive scale, by his grandson Akbar (1556-1605) and Akbar's grandson Shah Jehan (1628-58). This dynasty is popularly called "MUGHAL', though Babur descended as a Miranshahi-Timurid and, racially, he was a Chaghtai-Turk. Their architectural style, and other art styles, also bear the dynastic appellation : MUGHAL.

With its own constructional and ornamental techniques, norms and concepts, grown from a sound historico-cultural and geo-physical background, and a transparent evolutionary process, Mughal Architecture was a fully developed style and a perfect discipline, as none was prior to it, in medieval India. It had a time-span of 132 years, practically from 1526 to 1658, and Agra-Fatehpur Sikri, Lahore-Kashmir- Kabul, Delhi, Allahabad, Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Mandu and Burhanpur are its major centres. Nearly 400 monuments of this style have survived, including city-walls and gates, forts, palaces, tombs, mosques, hammams, gardens, minarets, tanks, step-wells, sarais, bridges, kos-minars and, of course, the Taj Mahal which marks that zenith of an art from where it could only decline.                                            


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